What to do in case of Avalanche?
People caught in avalanches can die from suffocation, trauma, or hypothermia. An avalanche is a large amount of snow moving quickly down a mountain, typically on slopes of 30–45 degrees. When an avalanche stops, the snow becomes solid, like concrete, and people are unable to dig out. Avalanches can:
- Be caused by people, new snow, and wind
- Move at speeds of 100-130 km/h, and
- Peak during the period of December through March.
How to protect yourself from an avalanche
Get training on how to recognize hazardous conditions and avalanche-prone locations.
Learn how to properly use safety equipment.
Sign up for alerts on current avalanche dangers.
Get proper equipment to protect yourself from head injuries and create air pockets.
Use devices to support rescue.
Always have a buddy, preferably one familiar with the area.
Prepare NOW for avalanche
Use DORRIS Mobile App.
Learn about your local avalanche risk.
Learn the signs of an avalanche and how to use safety and rescue equipment.
Receive first aid training so you can recognize and treat suffocation, hypothermia, traumatic injury, and shock, and learn how to use safety and rescue equipment
Travel with a guide who knows which locations to avoid. Always travel in pairs.
Follow avalanche warnings on roads. Roads may be closed, or vehicles may be advised not to stop on the roadside.
Avoid areas of increased risk, such as slopes steeper than 30 degrees or areas under steep slopes.
Know the signs of increased danger, including recent avalanches and shooting cracks across slopes.
Wear a helmet to help reduce head injuries and create air pockets.
Wear an avalanche beacon to help rescuers locate you.
Use an avalanche airbag that may help you from being completely buried.
Carry a collapsible avalanche probe and a small shovel to help rescue others.
Survive DURING avalanche
The most important actions you can take to survive an avalanche are taken before it happens:
Know the conditions:
If your partner or others are buried, call 112 and then begin to search if it is safe to do so.
If you have the proper training, treat others for suffocation, hypothermia, traumatic injury, or shock.
- Avoid locations where there is danger of an avalanche.
- Always travel in pairs, and
- Use and carry safety equipment and rescue gear,
- Get the training,
- Check for and listen to alerts
Be Safe AFTER Avalanche
Know the signs and ways to treat hypothermia.
Hypothermia is an unusually low body temperature. A body temperature below 95 degrees is an emergency.
- Signs: shivering, exhaustion, confusion, fumbling hands, memory loss, slurred speech, and drowsiness
- Actions: Go to a warm room or shelter. Warm the center of the body first—chest, neck, head, and groin. Keep the person dry and wrapped up in warm blankets, including the head and neck.
What you should do to prepare for Avalanche:
Ensure you have DORRIS Mobile App on your phone
Avalanche Beacon: The One Piece Of Gear You Should Never Be Without
Local maps - paper version (Print one here!!!)
First Aid Kit
Make Emergency Plan
- How will I receive emergency alerts and warnings? (DORRIS Mobile App give you emergency alert as standard service)
- What is my evacuation route? (DORRIS Mobile App recommend you evacuation routes as standard service)
- What is my closest shelter? (DORRIS Mobile App give you list of shelters in your area as standard service)
- What is my family/household communication plan in case we separate?